Mathematics is needed to monitor and study the Earth and it’s environment.
Earth Scientists use mathematics to harness renewable energies and also to explore for conventional sources, such as oil an gas.
The study of earthquakes and other natural hazards require sensitive instruments to be built and installed for data collection. These data require mathematics for data analysis.
Our weather is monitored and our future climate is predicted using mathematics.
Hydrologists use remote sensing technology, data assimilation, and numerical modelling to monitor the change in regional and global water cycles, and so on… Mathematics is an essential tool to study the Earth and its environment.